criminal

criminal
crim|i|nal1 W2S3 [ˈkrımınəl] adj
[Date: 1400-1500; : French; Origin: criminel, from Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen; CRIME]
1.) relating to crime
Experts cannot agree on the causes of criminal behaviour .
I was sure he was involved in some kind of criminal activity .
She has not committed a criminal offence (=a crime) .
He was arrested and charged with criminal damage (=damaging someone's property illegally) .
The doctor was found guilty of criminal negligence (=not taking enough care to protect people in your work) .
2.) relating to the part of the legal system that is concerned with crime
→↑civil
The case will be tried in a criminal court .
We no longer have any faith in the criminal justice system .
The police are investigating the matter, and he may face criminal charges (=he may be officially accused of a crime) .
She usually deals with serious criminal cases .
a criminal lawyer
3.) wrong, dishonest, and unacceptable
It seems criminal that teachers are paid so little money.
>criminally adv
a hospital for the criminally insane
>criminality [ˌkrımıˈnælıti] n [U]
criminal 2
criminal2 n
someone who is involved in illegal activities or has been proved guilty of a crime
Police have described the man as a violent and dangerous criminal.
a convicted criminal (=someone who has been found guilty of a crime)
The new law will ensure that habitual criminals (=criminals who commit crimes repeatedly) receive tougher punishments than first-time offenders.
Teenagers should not be sent to prison to mix with hardened criminals (=criminals who have committed a lot of crimes and will never stop committing crimes) .

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • Criminal — Crim i*nal (kr?m ? nal), a. [L. criminalis, fr. crimen: cf. F. criminel. See {Crime}.] 1. Guilty of crime or sin. [1913 Webster] The neglect of any of the relative duties renders us criminal in the sight of God. Rogers. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • criminal — n Criminal, felon, convict, malefactor, culprit, delinquent mean, in common, one guilty of a transgression or an offense especially against the law. Criminal designates one who commits some serious violation of the law, of public trust, or of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • criminal — (Del lat. criminālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo al crimen o que de él toma origen. 2. Dicho de una ley, de un instituto o de una acción: Destinado a perseguir y castigar los crímenes o delitos. 3. Que ha cometido o procurado cometer un… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Criminal — Crimināl, adj. et adv. aus dem Lat. criminalis, welches aber nur in einigen Zusammensetzungen üblich ist. Das Criminal Gericht, ein Gericht, welches die Verbrechen der Übelthäter untersucht, im Gegensatze der Civil oder bürgerlichen Gerichte, das …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • criminal — early 15c. (adj.), from M.Fr. criminel (11c.), from L. criminalis pertaining to crime, from crimen (gen. criminis); see CRIME (Cf. crime). Preserves the Latin n . As a noun, from 1620s. Criminal law (or criminal justice) distinguished from civil… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • criminal — [adj] lawless, felonious bent, caught, corrupt, crooked, culpable, deplorable, dirty, heavy, hung up*, illegal, illegitimate, illicit, immoral, indictable, iniquitous, nefarious, off base*, out of line*, peccant, racket, scandalous, senseless,… …   New thesaurus

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