crim|i|nal1 W2S3 [ˈkrımınəl] adj
[Date: 1400-1500; : French; Origin: criminel, from Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen; CRIME]
1.) relating to crime
Experts cannot agree on the causes of criminal behaviour .
I was sure he was involved in some kind of criminal activity .
She has not committed a criminal offence (=a crime) .
He was arrested and charged with criminal damage (=damaging someone's property illegally) .
The doctor was found guilty of criminal negligence (=not taking enough care to protect people in your work) .
2.) relating to the part of the legal system that is concerned with crime
The case will be tried in a criminal court .
We no longer have any faith in the criminal justice system .
The police are investigating the matter, and he may face criminal charges (=he may be officially accused of a crime) .
She usually deals with serious criminal cases .
a criminal lawyer
3.) wrong, dishonest, and unacceptable
It seems criminal that teachers are paid so little money.
>criminally adv
a hospital for the criminally insane
>criminality [ˌkrımıˈnælıti] n [U]
criminal 2
criminal2 n
someone who is involved in illegal activities or has been proved guilty of a crime
Police have described the man as a violent and dangerous criminal.
a convicted criminal (=someone who has been found guilty of a crime)
The new law will ensure that habitual criminals (=criminals who commit crimes repeatedly) receive tougher punishments than first-time offenders.
Teenagers should not be sent to prison to mix with hardened criminals (=criminals who have committed a lot of crimes and will never stop committing crimes) .

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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